RF Scores and LifeCycle Grids
Drilling Down Newsletter #90 6/2008
Drilling Down - Turning Customer
Data into Profits with a Spreadsheet
Customer Valuation, Retention, Loyalty, Defection
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Hi Folks, Jim Novo here.
This month we delve into the mysteries of RF (RFM-style) scoring
versus the LifeCycle Grid approach. How are they different, when
do you use each, how do they fit together?
We also have a Blog series of posts that demonstrate the process
and methods we used for Optimizing the entire Interactive Marketing
system at Home Shopping Network. If you're now Optimizing an
online presence, I think you will be surprised at the similarities and
lessons learned, plus get a peek into what the future might look like
for you. If you have any questions on this series, feel free to
leave a blog comment or e-mail me directly.
Ahh, the Drillin', the Drillin'...
Sample Marketing Productivity Blog Posts
June 3 - 25, 2008 (7 posts)
This series of posts provides a detailed example of what Marketing looks like when it is Optimized for Productivity across the Customer LifeCycle.
The core idea is to follow the AIDAS behavioral model (Attention, Interest, Desire, Action, Satisfaction) and optimize your marketing approach for each step of the model.
After nearly a decade of testing through the model provided, HSN arrived at a place where each dollar of marketing spend yielded the highest profitability to the company measured over the longer run.
Many of the examples here pertain directly to web marketing, and web specific examples are provided.
Questions from Fellow Drillers
RF Scores and LifeCycle Grids
Q: We're a telecom company trying to get a handle on
customer churn and defection, so we can come up with some programs
that will hopefully extend customer participation. We live in
the no contract space, offering a service that's an add on to wireless
phone service, so we don't have a good indicator as to when the
customer relationship might end.
A: Ah, yes. Your business model is "built
for churn", as I said on my blog the other day. The
behavior then is more like retail, where independent decisions are
made in an ongoing way, deciding again and again to make a purchase
Q: I think your LifeCycle Grids method will show best what is happening to our customers.
If using this method, there doesn't seem to be any reason to do the RF scoring as customers are just going into cells based on where they fall in the
Recency and Frequency spectrum. Is that correct? Is there
any real difference between RF scoring and the LifeCycle Grids
A: You are partially correct, they are two versions of the same
idea - both are scoring using Recency and Frequency. The traditional RF(M) scoring where customers are ranked
against each other is a "relative" scoring method used primarily for campaigns - it is tactical, an allocation of resources model.
The LifeCycle Grids take the very same idea - the predictive value of Recency and Frequency - and turns it into a more strategic tool for learning about the
customer migration ideas over time. This as opposed to a single point in time like RF
scores, where you are looking more at response.
Put another way, the RF or RFM scoring look at likelihood to
respond today, the LifeCycle Grids look at likelihood to remain
a customer in the future. Scores are a short term idea;
Grids are a long term idea.
Now, you could track RF scores over time for the same customer and accomplish the same
thing as the Grids, except for the fact that the RF scores are
forced to change sometimes when the customer behavior did not really change but there were changes in the
data. This can lead to false indicators over time.
So for example, let's say you have a customer with a 43 RF score and you drop a campaign. Large numbers of people respond and end up with a Recency of 5 and are now rank in front of this 43 customer.
Because of the ranking and quintile counting method in RF or RFM, this customer
might be "forced" down in the ranking to an RF score of 33, even though their behavior has not changed.
That's precisely why I came up with the LifeCycle Grids / Delta
Grids method. When you fix the boundaries of the cells instead of using a relative ranking, you don't get this kind of artificial change in rank over time.
Bottom line, it's just two ways of looking at the same thing, one follows from and is linked to the other.
RF scores look at behavior at a point in time, Grids look at behavior over time.
Here's what that looks like in practice.
Let's say you have your LifeCycle Grid for Strategic purposes and are tracking the customer database over time.
You notice from the Grid there is a problem brewing with best customers of a certain service
coming from a specific campaign - they are becoming less Recent over time.
The implication: this campaign is attracting low quality customers.
So you decide to do a campaign to this one cell on the Grid. The campaign will be very expensive per customer because it is a snail mail piece, so you want to mail it only to those most likely to respond in this cell
at a point in time - the drop window for the campaign.
So you take the folks in this cell and RF score them, and drop the campaign only to those with the highest RF scores - those most likely to respond at the
particular time you drop the campaign. Behavioral
campaigns are all about timing; right message to the right customer at
the right time.
Now, let's say you have a monthly campaign opportunity of some
kind, perhaps you can ride along in the telco statements. You
could try to customize this "air cover" campaign at the
customer level, but that's kind of like crop dusting with the SST -
it's too much power, too expensive for the size of the audience.
And besides, the timing is not ideal - for best results, you
probably should not "wait" for the monthly campaign, you
want to address the defection behavior as it is happening. So
you run a separate "Special Ops" campaign underneath, using
the RF scoring to keep you costs down and response as high as
See how they fit together? RF scores for a point in time, Grids for tracking over time.
For more information on this topic, a discussion on Tactical versus
Strategic LifeTime Value is here.
If you are a consultant, agency, or software developer with clients
needing action-oriented customer intelligence or High ROI Customer
Marketing program designs, click
That's it for this month's edition of the Drilling Down newsletter.
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Any comments on the newsletter (it's too long, too short, topic
suggestions, etc.) please send them right along to me, along with any
other questions on customer Valuation, Retention, Loyalty, and
'Til next time, keep Drilling Down!
- Jim Novo
Copyright 2008, The Drilling Down Project by Jim Novo. All
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